วิชาภาษาอังกฤษ กขค ปี 2539
Part 4 : Questions
Direction : Read the following passages and choose the best answer for each question.
Perhaps the most difficult aspect of
the Japanese for the Westerners to
comprehend is the strong belief in
collective values , particularly a collective sense of responsibility. Let me illustrate with an anecdote about a visit
to a new factory in Japan owned and operated by an American electronics company.
In the final assembly area of the company's factory , long lines of young Japanese woman wired together
electronic products on a piece-rate system : the more you wired , the more you got paid. About two months after opening ,
the head foreladies approached the factory manager. " Honorable manager ," they said humbly as they bowed , " we are
embarrassed to be so forward , but we must speak to you because all of the girls have threatened to quit work this
Friday." To have this happen , of course , would be a great disaster for all concerned. " Why ," they wanted to know ,
" can't our factory have the same payment system as other Japanese companies ? When you hire a new girl , her
starting wage should be fixed by her age. An eighteen - year - old should be paid more than a sixteen - year - old. Every
year on her birthday , she should receive an automatic increase in pay. The idea that any of us can be more productive
than another must be wrong , because none of us in final assembly could make a thing unless all of the other people in
the factory had done their jobs right first . To single one person out as being more productive is wrong and is also
personally humiliating to us." the company changed its payment system to the Japanese model.
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ตั้งแต่วันที่ 1 สิงหาคม พ.ศ. 2543
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